## Applications of Math

Award winning site by Luis Fernandes; Ryerson University, Toronto, Ontario, Canada. Historical timeline, early counting boards, various styles of the abacus. Java applet simulates real time use of the abacus. Links to other information.

This pathfinder is to aid researchers in their search for information on African American Scientists and Inventors. Hosted by The iSchool at Drexel, College of Information Science and Technology, with support from the College of Information at Florida.

This web pages is maintained by Dr. Scott W. Williams, Professor of Mathematics and is brought to you by The Mathematics Department of The State University of New York at Buffalo. 300 years of mathematicians is listed.

History of Black Women in Mathematics. Also over 100 biographies of Black Women who have contributed to the mathematical sciences. Created by Dr. Scott Williams, Professor of Mathematics at The State University of New York at Buffalo.

Many links to lists of Afro-American men and women who have become mathematicians and scientists. Scroll down the site to find active hyperlinks.

Math Forum at Drexel. Links to sites related to Minorities in Math and Science.

Created and Maintained by Dr. Scott Williams, Professor of Mathematics, The State University of New York at Buffalo.

Description of PEM Fuel Cells and their application. Site created and maintained by Fueleconomy.com

AcademicInfo is a free online education resource center for students (and other researchers). Created by Mike Madin. On the site, open “more” and scroll down to math hyperlinks.

Matrix of applications of various types of math to different technology fields.

This group undertakes research in the application of mathematical methods to model real-world systems, including those that are directly relevant to industry.

The Center for Innovation in Engineering and Science Education.Five projects which relate math to the world. Links are provided to the home pages.

Daily Life Applications of Math

Examples of how math is used in daily life. The site engages students in various problem sets and invites families to participate in a "family corner."

free online video "micro-documentaries" that introduce students to real-world concepts. Site address; www.thefutureschannel.com

MAA site that addresses the question of how mathematics is used in the workplace.

Authors: Earl Fife or Larry Husch.

Math Forum at Drexel. Links to applications in the Social Sciences, Professional, Science, Humanities, and Sports fields.

Math Matters, Apply It! is an applied mathematics awareness campaign, created for anyone who wants to know more about the mathematics behind everyday life. Maintained by SIAM.

Museum in New York dedicated to mathematics delivering programs for students, teachers, and the public to increase appreciation of mathematics. Website includes links to Math Encounters videos, “fun activities”, and travelling math exhibits.

Role of mathematics in industry based on 1996 survey. Site assembled by SIAM.

This is a study of the design process carried out in the context of a pair of courses… taught by Yehuda Kalay, and a … course …taught by Carlo H. Sequin during Spring 1995.

Links to several sites relating math and design specifically to architecture.

Introduction to the use of Fibonacci numbers in architecture and other areas. Excellent site created and maintained by Dr Ron Knott, Ph.D, M.Sc, B.Sc (Pure Maths),former Lecturer in the Department of Mathematics and Computing Sciences,University of Surrey

"...recursion is taken to an entirely new level in the digital age where we can represent cities numerically..." Article by Michael Batty and Andy Hudson-Smith

Math-Kitecture has a number of activities, including "Floor Plan your Classroom," which offer engaging ways for students to study mathematics by doing real-life architecture

Article by: J J O´Connor and E F Robertson. Part of The MacTutor History at University of St Andrews, Scotland.

Astronomer, mathematician, architect, and more. Biography of the architect for St Paul´s Cathedral and many other buildings. Site maintained by School of Mathematics and Statistics, University of St Andrews, Scotland.

Written by Dr Ron Knott, former Lecturer in the Department of Mathematics and Computing Sciences, University of Surrey, Guildford, Surrey, UK .

"Also called Chvátal´s art gallery theorem. If the walls of an art gallery are made up of straight line segments, then the entire gallery can always be supervised by watchmen placed in corners"

Mathematically inspired art by Charles Perry. Site has photos organized by shapes and material. There are no descriptions of the mathematics behind the works.

History of Escher with examples of his art. Site created and maintained by School of Mathematics and Statistics.

Museum of science, art, and human perception. Exhibits change regularly.

Gallery of artwork of artist Helaman Ferguson. Click on thumbnail and display both a larger picture and the mathematical equation used to create the shape.

Applications of symmetry in mandalas, nature, sketches, etc. Site shows many artworks as examples. Lessons accompany each section

Article about the "concept of a Theoretical Universal Balloon. Here, "Virtual Balloons" are imagined to exist mathematically. They can be any size. They can be powered by any number of candles.

"This is an application of "Archimedes´ Principle" which states that a body immersed in a fluid is buoyed up by a force equal to the weight of the fluid displaced...”

List of names and abbreviations of currency by country. Links to converters. Part of tipsofallsorts.com.

Real (raw) Data from a variety of financial sources. Scroll down list to Financial sites, commodities, stock markets, and other investment links.

Formula and explanations for Compound Interest, Simplified Compound Interest, Continuous Compound Interest, Loan Balance. Part of Math.com.

Money Math is a four-lesson curriculum supplement for middle school math classes using real-life examples from personal finance. Part of U.S. Department of the Treasury, Bureau of the Public Debt.

Northwestern Mutual with the National Council on Economic Education created this site. It provides tools to help parents as well as educators teach children to manage money and develop financial habits.

Calculator based on Consumer Price Index (CPI). Figure change in prices over time. Links to CPI since 1913. Created by Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis.

Simulate basketball shot. Figure angle, height, speed. Part of "Fear of Physics" site.

Study of the motion of a basketball to find the best angle or the best velocity the ball should be thrown so that it will go in the basket from the free throw line.

Learning and Using Mean, Median, Mode, and Range through Basketball (Grade 8). Developed by Dr. Carol A. Marinas,Associate Professor of Mathematics & Computer Science, Barry University, Miami Shores, FL.

Website for the Mathematical Biology Group at University of British Columbia.

The Centre for Mathematical Biology (CMB) at the University of Oxford is part of the Mathematical Institute...designed specifically to foster interdisciplinary research in the area.

Site created and maintained by Webmaster: Bob Planqué of the Dutch Society for Theoretical Biology.

Information about mathematicians who were born (or died) on this date in history.

Complete list of birthdays of mathematicians throughout the year. Just click on a given date and the birthdates are displayed for that day.

Abstract. To access full PDF article, select link at right when you arrive at the site. Penny J. Davies, Fiona J. Carter, David G. Roxburgh, and Alfred Cuschieri, “Mathematical Modelling for Keyhole Surgery Simulations: Spleen Capsule as an Elastic Membrabe,” Journal of Theoretical Medicine, vol. 1, no. 4, pp. 247-262, 1999. doi:10.1080/10273669908833024

Reprint of March 2, 2002 SIAM NEWS article.

Article on the mathematics of bone fractures. Written by David Roylance of MIT.

Select RESEARCH and choose from list of publications, presentations, research area. Dr. Lawrence Schovanec (Texas Tech University) research area applies mathematics to biomechanics

"Our goal is to use mathematics to understand and predict functions of the human body. Specific areas of interest are: Hydrocephalus, Oncology, Blood Cell Behavior, Brain Trauma, and Syringomyelia..."

Choose 4 days from the calendar that form a square of numbers. Ask someone to sum the numbers of the four days. Using algebra, you can tell what the four days are. See site for more information.

Learn about the ancient Aztec calendar. This work is © by René Voorburg, William Horden and Marta Ramirez.

Site displays current year. Scroll down the site for holidays and observances. Continue scrolling to select calendar for any year: past, present, future. Also scroll down to links to World Clock, Year Countdown and more

History of the development and examples of calendars in many cultures. This exhibit is a public service of the Institute for Dynamic Educational Advancement (IDEA).The primary contributor is Claus Tøndering, based in Denmark.

History and display of calendars. Included are: Christian, Jewish, Islamic, Chinese, Mayan, French, and others.

BrainTrack´s Career Guide helps visitors evaluate career options and find schools through its extensive resources. BrainTrack® is a registered trademark of FutureMeld LLC.

Brochure illustrating carrers that use math and the people who work in them. Part of SIAM website.

Job descriptions, opportunties, prospects. Site sponsored by SIAM.

Links to numerous career resources associated with Math and Science. Sponsored by Association for Women in Mathematics.

Math in government and industry. Applications. Site sponsored by AMS, MAA, SIAM.

Information about many careers in applied mathematics. Scroll down site for links to business and industry´s use of math. Society for Industrial and Applied Mathematics site.

Importance of math in jobs, numbers of mathematicians who work in industry, math skills in industry more. Collection of tables of information. Part of SIAM website.

MAA Research site that investigates the use of math in various occupations. Written for MAA by Annie and John Selden.

Math Matters, Apply It! is an applied mathematics awareness campaign, created for anyone who wants to know more about the mathematics behind everyday life and the technologies we encounter.

Drop down menu. Select a job title. Select a location by zip code or metro area. Obtain average salary. Site is part of Wall Street Journal Executive Site.

“Abstract: The Chua circuit is among the simplest non-linear circuits that shows most complex dynamical behavior, including chaos. In this project by SiepWeiland, we analyze this electrical circuit, simulate it, build it if you like, and make measurements on a true system.” Article archived at Eindhoven University of Technology.

Brief article on Wolfram MathWorld site that discusses difficulty of defining Chaos.

A Java enabled browser is required. Several JAVA Applets developed for use to explore chaos and fractals and to accompany "A Toolkit of Dynamics Activities" published by Key Curriculum Press.

Math Cartoons listed by Simon Singh, PhD in particle physics. Former director and producer with the BBC TV Science Unit.

Cartoon sites picked by Deb Russell, About.com Guide to Mathematics. Artwork on the websites is copyrighted.

Interactive dynamic visual projects built with Mathematica.

Requires free Wolfram CDF Player download.

Requires free Wolfram CDF Player download.

Response to student inquiries about Applications of Complex Numbers.

Examples of applications taken from the question corner of the Toronto Math Network page.

This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article "Complex Variables.”

Presentation at the annual meeting of the National Council of Teachers of Mathematics, by Larry Copes a mathematics education consultant in St. Paul, Minn. Article illustrates all eight symmetries of a square–the group D4.

Here is a collection of activities and resources you can use in your classroom to teach both mathematics and dance.

Bibliography from the article Math Dance with Dr. Schaffer and Mr. Stern • © 2001 Schaffer, Stern, Kim.

A study by Katarzyna Wasilewska (Mathematics Department, University of Southern California) of the many connections and similarities between mathematics and dance.

An exploration of contra dance patterns interpreted through performance-oriented dance.This thesis studies the patterns found in contra dance, representable by manipulations of 2x2 matrices, and investigates their use onstage in performance dance idioms.

What is e? Who first used e? How do you find it? How many digits does it have?. Part of Math Forum: Ask Dr. Math. Drexler University.

Several examples of the application of "e". From the site BookRags.

History of "e" from the site history.mcs.st-andrews.

Answers the question: "Does the number e have any real physical meaning, or is it just a mathematical convenience?"

USGS map of Earthquakes in 1 Day of Magnitude 2.5+ Worldwide.

USGS Article describing the math behind measuring earth quakes.

Interactive site that shows how P and S waves work when an earthquake occurs.

28 slide description the mathematical model and some mathematical techniques to deal with such waves in some interesting situations. Prepared by Fiazud Din Zaman, Department of Mathematical Sciences. King Fahd University of Petroleum & Minerals; Dhahran, Saudi Arabia.

Article on latest mathematical models of ground motion during earthquakes: the azimuth dependent mathematical model and the mathematical model based on radius vectors. Written by Snezana Gjorgji Stamatovska of the University-Institute of Earthquake Engineering and Engineering Seismology (UKIM-IZIIS), Skopje, Republic of Macedonia.

Enter a number from 1 to 9999999 to see how the Egyptians would have written it, or enter a number to count with. Site created and copyrighted by Jo Edkins 2006.

Extensive coverage of Babylonian and Egyptian mathematics. Site created and maintained by School of Mathematics and Statistics at University of St. Andrews, Scotland.

"This page is set up with the kind assistance of the Newton Institute in the University of Cambridge to provide a World Wide Web resource for Egyptological information"

Article by Dr June Barrow-Green is a lecturer in the history of mathematics at the Open University, England.

Part of the site Discovering Egypt created by Mark Millmore. Mathematical information about the pyramids, Egyptian mathematics, Hieroglyphic Writing and more.

This unit is from The Open University archives and is an adapted extract from Topics in the history of mathematics (MA290) which is no longer in presentation.

Historical essay by Caroline Seawright about the use of mathematics in Ancient Egypt. Info about pyramids, cubics, more.

AC Waveforms, Inductance, Inductor Circuits, more. Author and Content Provider: David L. Heiserman. Publisher: SweetHaven Publishing Services.

Math in technology table.British Columbia Institute of Technology. Scroll down to electrical applications.

American Society for Engineering Education

Answers to questions that students often ask about Civil Engineering. Blog provided by Pro-Tec Equipment.

IEEE Spectrum magazine is a monthly magazine that explores future technology trends and the impact of those trends on society and business.

Opinion of Ronald B. Standler,Associate Professor of Electrical Engineering,The Pennsylvania State University 2000.

Related Engineering Degrees, universities, average salaries, career pathways.

Link to University of Washington Engineering homepage. Information includes: news and events calendar, research, programs of study, admission requirements, and scholarships.

Link to Washington State University Engineering and Architecture homepage. Information includes: undergraduate and graduate programs, admission requirements, research, scholarships, and student perspectives.

Homepage of Western Washington University Engineering Technology programs. Site includes links to electronics engineering technology, manufacturing engineering technology, plastics engineering technology, industrial design, and vehicle research. Assessment and student project information is also accessible.

Versatile, technology-intensive Earth Math materials are designed for use in the classroom and can be used in any course ranging from algebra through calculus independent of the course textbook. The features include a guided inquiry format, web-based interactive materials

Project Directors: Christopher Schaufele and Nancy Zumoff.

Funded by NSF, Department of Education, and Kennesaw State University Grants.

Project Directors: Christopher Schaufele and Nancy Zumoff.

Funded by NSF, Department of Education, and Kennesaw State University Grants.

Energy Infobooks provide information about each of the nation's energy resources, new technologies, and the use and conservation of energy. They are organized by Primary, Elementary, Intermediate, and Secondary grade levels. Requires PDF reader.

Science, Math, and Environment Projects on the Connect All Schools website.

Lessons from a variety of sites world-wide.

Lessons from a variety of sites world-wide.

Definition of Ethnomathematics. Organization dedicated to study of and dissemination about ethnomathematics.

Links to sites about Ancient Babylonian, Ancient Egyptian, Ancient Greek, Mayan, Indian, Chinese, Incan, and Arabic mathematics.

Discussion of applications of exponential functions. Part of a site developed by University of Iowa Department of Mathematics.

Formula, teaching materials, examples. Part of Carleton College Science Education Resource Center.

Examples provided by "Doctor Mark" of The Math Forum at Drexler University.

Formula used in interest and exponential growth. From Math2.org; formerly "Dave´s Math Tables

Click on image of 10^(-16) then continue clicking to visualize powers of 10. Copyright © 2005 by Bruce Bryson.

David Dailey is an associate professor of Computer Science at Slippery Rock University. Excellent introduction with examples from "unexpected places (e.g., cornfields, seashells, Greek monuments)".

Examples of fibonacci numbers in nature by Laura Smoller, UALR Department of History. Links to other sites related to Fibonacchi Numbers and the Golden Rectangle.

Site created and maintained by Dr Ron Knott,former Lecturer in the Department of Mathematics and Computing Sciences,University of Surrey, Guildford, Surrey, UK .

Photographic evidence of fibonacci numbers in nature. Site maintained by World-Mysteries.com.

History of Fibonacci, the Fibonacci sequence, and its place in mathematics.

This site was originally created at Smith College by a team of students under the supervision of professors Pau Atela and Christophe Golé of the mathematics department. Pau Atela or Christophe Golé are the directors of this project.

Created at Smith College in collaboration with Botanical Gardens, Academic Consultants, Designers, and Engineers worldwide.

Large list of hyperlinks to free and fee financial education programs, curricula, and lessons with grade levels designated. Part of Stockton College website.

The SIAM Journal on Financial Mathematics addresses theoretical developments in financial mathematics as well as breakthroughs in the computational challenges they encompass. Free access to SIFIN through 2010.

Information about the Math Finance Program at The Courant Institute of Mathematical Sciences at New York University.

Canadian Stock Exchange (TSX Group)

London Stock Exchange

Access to NASDAQ information.

Access to NYSE information.

This paper reports on the structure of a fire growth simulation model, FARSITE, and its performance under simplified test conditions.Mark A. Finney is a Research Scientist with Systems for Environmental Management in Missoula, MT.

Fire behavior and fire danger systems assembled in cooperation with U.S. Forest Service, U.S. Department of Interior, Joint Fire Science Program, Systems for Environmental Management, Center for Environmental Management of Military Lands, Colorado State University , and Department of Mechanical Engineering, Brigham Young University.

Richard C. Rothermel. A mathematical model for predicting fire spread in wildland fires. USDA Forest Service Research Paper INT-115, 1972.

Scientists at National Center for Atmospheric Research have coupled numerical regional weather simulations with fire spread models to advance our understanding of wildfires, creating flat land, hill, and universal visualizations.

Part of Math Explorers' Club site (outreach program at Cornell University). Six-part module is intended as an introduction to chaos, fractals, and dynamical systems for high schoolers.

Fractal Images created by G.W.F. Albrecht. Scroll down the site to obtain formula, links to Fractal Music, animated fractals, and more. Beautiful site.

Photos and discussion of fractals found in nature. Site is part of Original Beauty hosted by wordpress.com

Why study fractals? What are fractals? How to make fractals. More. Copyright 1996-2004 by Cynthia Lanius

Mini-course created as part of NWMI projects. Written and maintained by Dr. William Webber. Fractal curves, Tower of Hanoi, Abacabadabacaba, and more. Great site for all aspects of fractals.

Recurrence intervals refer to the past occurrence of random events. Article written by Dr. Eric M. Baer, Geology Program, Highline Community College. Applications to flooding and earthquakes.

Public Broadcasting site. Lesson plans and activities.

Public Broadcasting site for geometry resources.

Interactive materials for visually exploring geometrical concepts. Very interactive. Developed as part of The Geometry Center at the University of Minnesota.

The Geometry Center is a mathematics research and education center at the University of Minnesota.

Geometry facts, theorems, some proofs. Very colorful format. Music is loud when you reach the site, so you may wish to turn down the volume.

"These pages contain usenet clippings, web pointers, lecture notes, research excerpts, papers, abstracts, programs, problems, and other stuff related to discrete and computational geometry.”

Lesson plans and activities including exploration of shapes, proof of Pythagorean theorem, scaling the pyramids, the geometry of lenses, the math of music and more.

Guide through the many online resources on non-Euclidean geometry that can be used in the classroom.

Lesson plans and activities including truss strength, dome geometry, quilts, and more.

Thirty activities based on hyperlinks to web resources. Activities begin with "What is Mathematics?" and progress through Pythagoras´ observations of music, patterns on Ukrainian Easter eggs, symmetry in the alphabet, butterflies, and more.

Part of the National Center for Educational Statistics Students´ Classroom. Users may create their own graphs using their own data or they may see an example of a particular type of graph.

Step by step tutorial explaning how to graph a linear inequality. Site created and maintained by West Texas A&M University.

2D and 3D graphing programs designed by Dr. William Webber of Whatcom Community College.

This resource allows students to enter data to construct a selected graph: area, bar, line, or pie. Students can enter their own data or use sample data from the National Center for Educational Statistics (which hosts this site).

Tutorial explaining how to read graphs. Aimed at Beginning Algebra students. Site created and maintained by West Texas A&M University.

Created and maintained by interactive mathematics. Clear explanation with examples.

Extensive listing of links to web material related to the History of Mathematics.

Links to biographical information about mathematicians. Maintained by David R. Wilkins, School of Mathematics, Trinity College, Dublin.

Links to information about the history of mathematics, biographies, online books, bibliographies, educational materials.Selected and annotated by June Barrow-Green. Webmaster, Tony Mann.

Listed by branch of science (including mathematics), gender, minority status, nationality, prizes won, or simply alphabetical. Site is copywrited by Eric W. Weisstein and Wolfram Research, Inc.

The MacTutor History of Mathematics archive. Created and maintained by School of Mathematics and Statistics at the University of St Andrews, Scotland.

Links to several sites with information about the history of mathematics. Bibliographies, biographies, special topics in mathematics. Links arranged alphabetically.

Links to sites related to math history. Sites include biographies of men and women mathematicians, history of symbols and numbers, famous problems, and more. Sites listed alphabetically.

Biographies of the lives and works of seventeenth and eighteenth century mathematicians adapted from A Short Account of the History of Mathematics by W. W. Rouse Ball (4th Edition, 1908).

Links to biographies, electronic texts, bibliographies, mailing lists. Maintained by David Wilkins of Trinity College, Dublin.

"These pages are part of an on-going project by students in mathematics classes at Agnes Scott College, in Atlanta, Georgia, to illustrate the numerous achievements of women in the field of mathematics."

This link sends you to the home page of the math department at John Handly High School. Select "Math Humor" at the site and receive such options as jokes, comics, humorous proofs.

"The Forum´s Internet Mathematics Library provides a comprehensive database of links to Humor. Additional suggestions are offered through the Amusing Links hyperlinks."

Weekly perspectives generated by Whatcom and Skagit Mathematics Partnership funded by the Office of the Superintendent of Public Instruction and the U.S. Department of Education.

DISCLAIMER:Effective Immediately, This video(What You Know about Math) is the sole property of its creators. It is meant for public viewing and not reproduction or personal gain. Any one wishing to use this video for any purpose must contact the creators.

Statistical jokes originally assembled by the late Dr. Gary C. Ramseyer and now maintained by his son.

Syllabus of course by Matthew Lewis which "provides an introductory study of the mathematical models used in computer graphics to mimic the physical behavior of light in the generation of three-dimensional, computer-generated imagery.

Information about Cantor, his concept of infinity, and links to sites related to his theorems and other sites that deal with infinity.

PDF file of lecture delivered by Eric Schechter, Associate Professor of Mathematics, Vanderbilt University.

Part of FAQ Astronomy site at UCLA. See "Is the Universe really infinite or just really big?" and "How can the Universe be infinite..."

Concepts from fractals, line segments, perimeter, area and infinity are used, and skill at pattern recognition. Copyright and maintained by The Shodor Education Foundation, Inc

Short but effective description from The Math Forum, Drexel University.

Paradox related in story form. Copyright Math Academy Online, Platonic Realms.

Background and development of the four paradoxes. Copyright by Nick Huggett <huggett@uic.edu> . Part of the Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.

Article written in 1995 for Scientific American by Peter J. Beek and Arthur Lewbel about the mathematics of juggling.

Ball, Club, Ring, Anything Jugglers. All created by Dr. William Webber using LiveMath. Users may select the type of juggling to view, stop and start the animation. "Click on one of the Jugglers to get the interactive version.

Article by Erica Klarreich about Math and Kitting with photos of a crocheted Lorenz manifold and a crocheted hyperbolic plane curve. Part of Science News Online.

Dr. Hinke Osinga and Professor Bernd Krauskopf have crocheted the famous Lorenz equations using computer-generated instructions. A steel sculpture has been created by Dr Benjamin Storch Article with photos.

Site with patterns to knit mobius strips and klein bottles, links to other mathematics and knitting sites. Site maintained by Dr. Sarah-marie Belcastro

Links to several sites which dicsuss the mathematical concept of Knot Theory. Links to classification of knots, specific forms of knots, knot theory, and knots to make and study. Site is part of "MegaMath."

History of Knot Theory, illustrations, mathematics behind knot theory, and links to related sites.

Examination of the assumption that 45 degrees is the optimal launch angle. Uses the path of a cannon ball to explore the concept.

"How Lotteries Work" by Karim Nice. This selection will show you how to calculate your odds of winning a lottery. The author also relates some history about lotteries and machines that select the numbers.

A game in which the user creates a magic square. Choose from beginner, medium difficulty, and hard level. Instructions are included.

Daily magic square. Also archives of past square puzzles.This math web site is authored by Steven Pomeroy and is part of her site Math Tricks.org.

Making Magic Squares by Francis E. Su. Part of site: Math Fun Facts. Teaches how to build a magic square and the math behind it.

What is a magic square, how to build one. Historical accounts of magic squares. Part of The Math Forum at Drexel University.

A Math Forum Web Unit. Classroom activities, how to construct a magic square, exploring the mathematics.

Proof of a Magic Square by Llewellyn Falco; ©Copyright Set Enterprises Inc. References a deck of SET® cards

"determine the number of magic squares of an arbitrary order". Also history and discussion of magic squares.

Three lessons, 1 practice set, and a teacher´s resources page. Lessons include conversions using ratio and proportion.

Conversion Tables for Length, Weight (mass), Temperature, Area, Volume, Mileage, Energy, Force, Power, Pressure. Also Metric Cooking converter, Clothing and shoe sizes converter, Currency converter. Site maintained by Doug Stewart of FPSI, Ltd.

Program sponsored by The National Institute of Standards and Technology, an agency of the U.S. Department of Commerce´s Technology Administration.

"A Guide to Major Motion Pictures with Scenes of Real Mathematics." Copyright by A. G. Reinhold.

History, examples, and audio file of fractals applied to music. Site maintained by Harlan J. Brothers of Brothers Technology, LLC.

"All wave forms are really a composite of discrete, unseen or occulted vibratory forces acting in concert. Graphic shows four different complex waveforms as being the result of other discrete forces. These forces being defined by frequency and amplit.

Links to educational material and consortium members.

What is fusion? Links to other readings.

Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory is a U.S. Department of Energy national laboratory managed by Princeton University.

Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory is a U.S. Department of Energy national laboratory managed by Princeton University.

"The Plasma Science & Fusion Center (PSFC) is recognized as one of the leading university research laboratories in the physics and engineering aspects of magnetic confinement fusion." Site includes news, education, library, links, and directory.

List of Medical Schools and their math requirements. Site assembled from MSAR 2007-2008.

Written for Nursing Students. Practice test and answers. Links to a wide range of math (dimensional analysis) background needed for success in Nursing. Part of alysion.org.

This is a summary of the article sited on the National Center for Biotechnology Information website as Nurse Educ Today. 1996 Apr;16(2):137-43. L

Math needed to translate orders, ratio and proportion, IV flow rates, metrics, percentages, more. Part of Teaching/Learning Center, Delta College, University Center, MI.

This subcourse is approved for resident and correspondence course instruction. It reflects the current thought of the Academy of Health Sciences and conforms to printed Department of the Army doctrine as closely as currently possible.

"Our primary concern is studying the quantum mechanics of open systems, in which (like the real world), dissipation tends to destroy interesting quantum states.”

Lessons in light and optics by Steve Beeson, Arizona State University . Topics include Light, Reflection, and Refraction; Lenses, Mirrors, and Prisms; Color and the Spectrum; Optics in Nature; and other Supplementary Modules.

Hands on optical illusions. Select from panels. Site created and maintained by Michael Bach, University of Freiburg, Germany.

Optical basics written for elementary school children by Bruce Irving, Optical Research Associates . Link to excellent site "Optical Discovery Kit" which goes into detail about various aspects of color, light, Holography, and other optics relate

Site dedicated primarily to the study of palindrom numbers. Wide variety of topics: intro to palidroms, palidormic squares, cubes, patterns, more. Site is maintained by Patrick De Geest in Belgium

Past lectures and resources related to physics.

Maintained by the University of Colorado at Boulder.Includes circuits, static electricity, projectile motion, waves, more.

"This document will tell you where in PI your birthday first occurs, e.g. if you were born Feb 20th 1969 search for: 22069". The idea for the site came from Arthur Bebak (arthur@msm.com).

Excerpts from the Joy of Pi by David Blatner. Site includes links to pi facts, the digits of pi, and pi facts.

Links to many sites related to the number pi: pi and music, pi and beads, pi and pie. See the digits of pi moving across the top of the screen.

History of Pi. Written by J J O´Connor and E F Robertson, St. Andrews University, UK.

Several Pi Day activities created by a seasoned teacher and categorized into grade levels: elementary, middle school, and high school. Site is part of a web page by Mr. Herte who has been a teacher in Glen Cove, NY. since 1983.

Websites, articles, and other resources provided by NCTM

Article by Victor Adamchik of Wolfram Research, Inc. and Stan Wagon, Macalester College. Focus is on work by David Bailey of NASA/Ames and Peter Borwein and Simon Plouffe

An list of links to many Pi Day resources assembled by the mathematics Educators of Greater St. Louis.

Lists by number of digits, countries, amazing performances,

Web sites containing studies of mathematical relationships found in the poetry of selected authors. Some sites include works of poetry illustrating specific elements of mathematics. Site is part of The Math Forum created by Swarthmore College.

A PDF file written by Tom Davis describing various hands of poker and how to calculate the number of poker hands of various types. Card suits are used and combination notation is utilized. Excellent introduction to application of combinations.

Current time AND such information as the current number of marriages, divorces, cancer cases, HIV infections, Births, Deaths, and more. Created by Poodwaddle.com.

Essay focused on why cryptographers make heavy use of prime numbers posted By: Peter Pearson, Cryptologist, Uptronics Incorporated.

Prime number research. Links to a wide variety of resources related to prime numbers. Site is copyrighted and maintained by Chris Caldwell.

In August of 2008, a new Mersenne Prime number was discovered. This FAQ created and maintained by Edson Smith, Computing Resource Manager, UCLA Department of Mathematics.

http://primes.utm.edu/notes/faq/why.html

http://primes.utm.edu/notes/faq/why.html

Interactive site with a wide variety of links related to many mathematical topics including proofs. Part of the author´s site "Cut the Knot". Copyright © 1996-2001 Alexander Bogomolny.

Research article by Annie and John Selden at Tennessee Technological University Mathematics Education Resources Co. Article focus is on how proofs are taught: pros and cons; suggestions. Topics include: proof and validation, memory and validation, more.

Article written by James Hurley University of Connecticut, Mathematics.

Rigorous mathematical model of the "so-called chiral quark soliton model (CQSM) in nuclear physics."

"This article presents an explanation of the fractional charge of up and down quarks using group mathematics based on a quark substructure."

Article by Guillermo Bautista and video shows a modern analysis of the structure and the mathematics of rainbows.

Locate top-level sites for interesting topics, education pages for NASA missions and other hard-to-find pages that offer resources for educators.

This program addresses the basic mathematical operations of spacecraft rendezvous in Earth orbit. Aimed at Middle School Students.

A wealth of information related to the physics of baseball (and other sports). Site created by Professor Alan M. Nathan, Department of Physics, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign.

Links to sites that range from the calculation of various sports statistics to the application of mathematics in various sports activities. The Math Forum is a research and educational enterprise of the Drexel School of Education, Drexel University.

Links to sites which display mathematical symbols or mathematicians on postage stamps.

These pages are maintained by Jeff Miller, a teacher at Gulf High School in New Port Richey, Florida

History of the origin of various math symbols.

These pages are maintained by Jeff Miller, a teacher at Gulf High School in New Port Richey, Florida

These pages are maintained by Jeff Miller, a teacher at Gulf High School in New Port Richey, Florida

Site that features the work of a "sculptor of constructive geometric forms". Photos and dialog by sculptor which describes some background about the geometry.

Interactive site with excellent activities to explore symmetry and tessellations.

The MathQuilt web page is dedicated to providing a showcase for quilters around the world who find inspiration from the colorful world of tessellations, geometry, perspective and fractals. Page design by by Rebecca Chaky.

Online resources created by Professor Doris Schattschneider from Moravian College. The resources are divided between references (about tessellations and sources for illustrations) and computer software for creating tiling.

Written by Suzanne Alejandre, this is an excellent site to learn about tessellations, the math and history behind them, and to follow some tutorials with color illustrations. This is a "Math Forum Web Unit".

This page contains pointers to reviews of books , plays , movies and television shows that are related to mathematics. Click on hyperlink when you arrive at the website. © Copyright: American Mathematical Society.

An animated description of some of the mathematical ideas in Tom Stoppard´s play Arcadia. Written by Robert L. Devaney of Boston University.

"Strange Behaviour" is a series of symposia which brings together theatre and other worlds of practice. Suspect Culture is a theater company in Scotland.

Charting of tide data and harmonic analysis used to predict tides. Visit especially the "harmonic analysis" link. This tide site created by Tony Phillips Math Dept SUNY Stony Brook.

Current local time at hundreds of locations around the world. User able to toggle to specific continents. Also have ability to enter current time in one city and obtain date and time at another world site.

WORLDTIME® is a service featuring an interactive world atlas, information on local time as well as sunrise and sunset times in several hundred cities, and a database of public holidays worldwide.

Fundamental Constants provided by The National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) , an agency of the U.S. Department of Commerce.

Interesting facts about all the numbers from 1 to 9999. Created by Erich Friedman Associate Professor of Math at Stetson University.

User-friendly interactive site. Introduction to vectors through pictures or using Geometers Sketchpad (download required). Written by Gene Klotz 11/28/95 and maintained by The Math Forum, a "research and educational enterprise of Drexel University.

Very clearly written introduction to vectors, vector operations, notation, and application. Site has an index to quickly find topics. Copyright (C) Jenny Olive. Site is an online excerpt from "Maths: A Student´s Survival Guide.

Excellent tutorial on elementary vectors. Site has complete explanations that are clearly written, diagrams, and simulations. Material © Department of Physics, University of Guelph.

"At the University of Bologna, Dept. of Mathematics, our team works at the use of topology and geometry in robotic applications since 1988".

MetEd is a free collection of learning resources for the geoscience community including descriptions of weather related topics: hurricanes, flooding, fire weather and more. © Copyright: The University Corporation for Atmospheric Research.

Rigorous description of several Numerical Weather Prediction models. Links to Sources of Model and NWP Training Information.

Describes numerical modelling, components of numerical modelling, and provides examples. Met is a United Kingdom Corporation that provides environmental and weather-related services.

The intent of this weather site is to provide a complete source of graphical weather information.

This site contains biographies, employer/employee job search, awards, a newsletter, and other resources.

Books, Careers, and Grants Opportunities, K-12 Resources, Math History, Women and Mathematics, more.

"The Women of NASA resource was developed to encourage more young women to pursue careers in math, science, and technology."

These pages (and other links) attempt to show the first uses of various words used in mathematics. Research for these pages is ongoing. These pages are maintained by Jeff Miller, a teacher at Gulf High School in New Port Richey, Florida.

“This website is designed for math students who need an easy-to-use, easy-to-understand math resource all in one place. It is a comprehensive listing of formulas and definitions from beginning algebra to calculus. The explanations are readable for average math students, and over a thousand illustrations and examples are provided.” Site created and maintained by Bruce Simmons, Mathematics Department Clackamas Community College

Site created and maintained by Pat Ballew.

Use of mathematics in Tomography, recovering binary images from their projections. Such a projection is an X-ray. Paper written by by Rob Tijdeman (University of Leiden, The Netherlands) and Herman te Riele (University of Debrecen, Hungary).

Chapter 14 "A Cross-Cutting Look at the Mathematics of Emerging Biomedical Imaging" from Mathematics and Physics of Emerging Biomedical Imaging.

Article by: J J O´Connor and E F Robertson. Site maintained by School of Mathematics and Statistics, University of St. Andrews, Scotland

Article written (November 19, 2002) for YaleGlobal by Nils-Bertil Wallin.

Scientific American article written about the history of Zero by Robert Kaplan, author and former professor of mathematics at Harvard University.